A clear history of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands can be had only from a British Survey of these islands conducted in 1777. The Andaman & Nicobar Islands remained the abode of the Negritos and the Mongoloids respectively, who occupied the Islands for centuries. These islands remained secluded from the mainland till the end of the 18th Century when people from the outside world first arrived. The history of these islands could be divided into four broad periods the period of seclusion and piratical disturbances
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands were shrouded in mystery for centuries because of their inaccessibility. These are the paragon of beauty and present a landscape full with scenic and picturesque extravaganza. These islands shimmer like emeralds in the Bay of Bengal. The dense forest which cover these islands and the innumerable exotic flowers and birds create a highly poetic and romantic atmosphere. "Here the white beaches on the edge of a meandering coastline have palm trees that sway to the rhythm of the Sea. The beat of tribal drums haunt the stillness and technicolour fish steer their way through crystal clear water." This addition of strangeness to beauty which is responsible for creating the infinite romantic impact may be described in the following famous lines of Keats.
Cellular Jail: This three-storeyed prison, constructed by the British in 1906, is a pilgrim destination for freedom fighters. This colossal edifice has mutely witnessed the most treacherous of inhumane atrocities borne by the convicts, who were mostly freedom fighters. Now dedicated to the nation as a National Memorial, it houses a spectacular sound and light show, besides a museum and art gallery.
Andaman Water Sports Complex: This unique complex, the first of its kind in India, has all possible aqua sports facilities including safe water sports like paddle boats, row boats and water cycle, and adventure water sports like wind surfing, wind skiing, water scooter. There is also a memorial for the Battle of Aberdeen, fought between the Britishers and the Andamanese aboriginals in 1859.
Gandhi Park: Laid in record time in the heart of Port Blair, it is an enticing park comprising of a children&39s park, amusement park, deer park, water sports facilities, Japanese temple, nature walk and a restaurant.
Corbyn&39s Cove Complex: One of the most picturesque beaches, it is ideal for sun-bathing. It has a tourist complex which offers a range of water sports facilities.
Anthropological Museum: Built in 1975, this small but informative museum showcases the four Negroid tribes of the Andamans, viz, the Jarawas, Sentinelese, Andamanese and the Onges, and two Mongoloid tribes of the Nicobars, viz, the Nicobarese and the Shompens.
Fisheries Museum: With its display of about 350 species of sea-life, rare varieties of coral, the museum reflects the enormous marine life and wealth submerged in the waters of these islands.
Ross Island: Once the seat of British power and capital of these islands, it now stands as an imposing relic, with the old structure almost in debris. A small museum displays photographs and other antiques of the Britishers, relevant to these islands.
M.G. Marine National Park: The Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park at Wandoor, is at a distance of 29 km from Port Blair, covering an area of 281.5 sq km. This marine park made up of open sea, creeks and 15 islands, is one of the largest of its kind, in the world. Coral reefs, a plethora of exotic coral fish and other marine life abound in this area. The Directorate of Tourism, and other private tour operators operate conducted tours to the park.
Cinque Island: A superb place for swimming, scuba diving, snorkelling, fishing and camping.
Havelock Island: About 38 km from Port Blair, this island boasts of virgin beaches, and an unpolluted environment.