In the days before independence, Shimla was the most important British hill station, and in the summer season became the summer capital. The British in 1819A.D first discovered Shimla, but it was not until 1822 A.D that the first permanent house was erected and not until many years later that Shimla became the summer capital. The name Shimla is derived from the Himalayan Goddess Shamla a synonym of Kali.
Area: 18 sq. km., Altitude: 2,213 meters, Climate: (deg C)--Summer- Max.27, Min.14.5, Winter- Max.16.5, Min.5.2,Clothing: Summer - Light woollens, winter - Heavy woolens, Best Season: April to Mid-July, Mid-September to Mid-November, Languages spoken: Pahari (Local Dialect), Hindi, English.
Places Of Interest:
Jakhoo Hill, Glen, Summer Hill, Chadwick Falls, Zoo, Navbahar, Sanket Mochen, Tara Devi Temple, Institute of Advance Studies, Aviary at Old Raj Bhavan, Tibetan Monastery, Dhengu Mata Temple.
Naldhera- 23 kms, Tattapani- 43 kms, Wildflower Hall-13 kms, Mashobra- 13 kms, Craignano-16 kms, Fruit Research Station- 08 kms, Kufri- 16 kms, Indira Holiday Home- 18 kms, Chail- 43 kms, Barog- 55 kms, Kasauli– 77 kms, Kiarighat - 23 kms, Solan- 48 kms, Bon Monastery Uohghat- 61 kms, Fagu - 22 kms, Narkanda- 64 kms, Kotgarh- 82 kms.
By Air: Nearest airport is Kullu- 23 kms.
By Rail: Nearest railhead is Kalka- 90 kms.
By Road: Chandigarh- 117 kms, Kullu- 220 kms, Manali- 260 kms, Delhi- 343 kms, Pathankot- 380 kms, Ambala- 151 kms, Chail- 43 kms, Dehradun- 240 kms etc.