Bokaro is one of the twenty-two districts of Jharkhand state, India. It was created in the year 1991 by carving out one subdivision consisting of two blocks from Dhanbad District and six blocks from Giridih District. It covers a geographical area of 2861 square kilometres. The average altitude of the land is 210 metres from mean sea level.
The district has a maze of valleys and sub-valleys formed by the River Damodar and its tributaries. They form an important source of water for the industries and townships which have sprung up on it banks in the last few decaded. Some hills and hillocks rise above the gentle valley making it a panoramic landscape to view.
Bokaro Steel City is the district headquarter with a population of around 800,000. The population is drawn from all parts of India. The population is well educated and urbane.
Bokaro district has a large steel plant, Bokaro Steel Plant, controlled by Steel Authority of India Limited and several other medium and small industries. The district has already emerged prominently on the industrial map of India. This city is very neat and clean city. The atmosphere of this city is really good.
Bokaro Steel City is the home of one of largest steel mills in India, and several other medium and small industries. It is the district headquarters of the Bokaro district.
Situated in the Chhotanagpur Plateau, the vast rolling topography of the city is typical, strewn by graded valleys and winding streams. In this setting, within a short period of two decades, a new city with a strong multi-dimensional economic base, has blossomed into a regional urban centre of around 800,000 people drawn from different parts of the country, giving the city the character of Mini India.
Geography: Bokaro is located in the eastern part of India at 23°29&39 N 86°09&39 E. It is located in picturesque surroundings on the southern bank of river Damodar with Garga, one of its tributaries meandering along the southern and eastern outskirts of the city. On the north, the city is flanked by the high ranges of the Parasnath Hills and on the south just beyond the river Garga, it is enveloped by the Satanpur hillocks. Two artificial cooling ponds have been built for use in Steel making. A dam of River Garga has been built to supply water to the township as well as the steel plant.
Places of interest
Best Season : September to February.
Languages : Hindi, Bengali(khotta), English.
There is large number of migrants are living in Siwandih. This is situated in west of Bokaro near Railway Station. Bokaro has a natural beauty lot of mountains, lakes are there in bokaro.
Garga Dam and Parasnath Hills
Garga Dam is situated near Bokaro Steel City (about 12 km from city center). It is a famous picnic spot for the denizens of Bokaro. Lusturous green surroundings and variety of aquatic habitat residing in and around Garga Dam lures the school excursions and boilogical expeditions to this place.This dam is constructed for the use of steel plant as well as for the water supply for its people.
Bokaro Ispat Pustakalaya
Located near Bokaro Hotel, it has a collection of over 40,000 books(including some valuable manuscript) that meets the reading requirements of the people in the township.It is managed by the management of the steel plant.
City Centre, sector 4
The city center is the main shopping district of the city. Recent years have seen it grow more than three-fold in size. The difference of this market and most other major markets in Indian cities happens to be the planning of the market. There is ample parking space, and the approach roads, as well as those inside the market are wide. The place houses almost all major Indian banks, has the best shops in the city for clothing, electronics, and the best food joints. You can find anything from a needle to a car in the market. It used to be home for the only cinema theatres in the city, but only one of them is operational now. The latest comers to the market are coaching institutes, small clinics, and hospitals. Their rate of growth shows the demand these services have in the city.
Located in the sector 1 is the most famous mandir dedicated to Lord Ram and smaller other mandirs encircling it dedicated to other gods and goddesses. The Ram Mandir market is also famous for batata poori, chat, samosa, phuchka, and egg-roll (WORLD BEST EGG ROLLS) . It is adviseable to be cautious of Pandas of Ram Mandir
Located in Sector 4, the newly built Jagannath temple is an another attraction.The temple is a replica of the famous temple in Puri, Orissa.
Located in sector 8, it is one of the oldest temples of the city. As the name suggests, the temple is dedicated to one of the incarnations of Shakti, Goddess Kali. Besides the religious activities it is also a major socialing place for the Bengalis of the city. The temple organizes an annual painting competition attended by hundreds of students from the schools of the city.
Bokaro has a well maintained City Park with an artificial lake. Recently three artificial islands have also been added. These islands were designed in Japneese style. The park used to have some small animals but they were all transferred to the Jawaharlal Botanical Garden in the early 90s. There is a small guest house that is used to host parties for visiting dignitaries. A small restaurant also stands at the eastern edge of the lake. There is a small toy train that is run for some time early every year. The park hosts an annual Basant Mela (Spring Fiesta) in early February. The southern part of the park is used by thousands during the annual Chhatth puja in October/November.
Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park
The botanical garden was built in the late 80s and early 90s. It has animals and birds from different parts of the world, with the big cats being the biggest attractions. The zoo came into limelight after multiple breedings of white tigers, royal bengal tigers, and the asiatic lion over a short span of time. The cubs were sent to different zoos in India and abroad, since the available resources were not good enough to cater to the needs of so many big cats.
Once a small grain trading hub of the region, this town first became famous during the Second World War when the British Government used it as a base to supply soldiers fighting on the eastern front against the Japanese. After the decision of Government of India to establish the Bokaro Steel Plant it gained in stature. It was the administrative headquarters of the area when Bokaro was a part of Dhanbad district, and later when Bokaro became a district. Recently the headquarters were moved to the steel township. Chas continues to be a trading hub, but has declined in importance after the rise of the township to the west.
A village in Chas Block famous for 75 foot (23 m) high tower.
The last Kasba in the Bokaro Dhanbad route is Pupunki. The village, along with its fields and captive fishery ponds is squeezed between NH-32, Bokaro-Chandrapura Railway line and the Damodar river. Opposite to this village across the NH-32 is the pious Pupunki Ashram. This Ashram was an age old home for Gurus who used to harbour Gaushalas with 100s of students being imparted scientific and spiritual knowledge in the past. One can still see the reminents of the past with many rituals still intact in this Ashram. This place is also a popular picnic spot these days.
A town famous for Chandrapura Thermal Power Station, a unit of Damodar Valley Corporation. It was a big source of pollution for the adjoining areas owing to the coal based generators, but things changed after electrostatic precipitators were installed in the chimneys, and large scale afforestation was carried out. The town lies on the northern edge of perhaps the most polluted river in the world, the Damodar.
Headquarters of Bermo SubDivision, famous for Tenughat Dam and Tenughat Thermal Power Station
By Air: There is no direct air connection but SAIL has a private air strip at Bokaro. The nearest commercial airport is Ranchi (115 km away) which is serviced by Indian Airlines and Air Deccan and is well connected with Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Patna, etc.
By Rail: Bokaro is well connected to the rest of India by rail and lies on the Delhi-Ranchi line. Here is a list of trains arriving at the Bokaro junction. Dhanbad at 47 km, is the biggest railway station of the region which is on the main Delhi–Howrah railway line.
By Road: Bokaro is well connected with all the major cities by good motorable roads. It lies at the junction of Dhanbad–Purilia–Jamshedpur (NH 32) and Dhanbad–Ramgarh–Ranchi (NH 23).